Slowmound Mugo Pine

Pinus mugo 'Slowmound'

Family: Pine

Type: Shrub

Other Common Name: Mugho Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine

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Slowmound Mugo Pine, scientifically known as Pinus mugo ‘Slowmound’, is a compact and hardy evergreen shrub. This dwarf variety is favored for its slow growth rate and neat, rounded form, making it an excellent choice for small gardens and spaces where a low-maintenance evergreen is desired. Its dense, dark green needles provide year-round interest and texture.

Growing to a height and spread of about 2-3 feet, Slowmound Mugo Pine is perfect for those who appreciate the beauty of pine trees but have limited space. It is particularly noted for its resilience and ability to thrive in a range of conditions, including cold climates and various soil types. This pine’s manageable size and attractive appearance make it a versatile addition to any landscape.

Requiring minimal care, Slowmound Mugo Pine is ideal for busy gardeners. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained soil. This dwarf pine’s robust nature and appealing form make it a reliable and visually striking choice for gardeners of all levels.

Needs & Preferences

Hardiness Zone: 3a-3a

Pet Friendly: Yes

Moisture Preference: Dry to average

Sun Needs: Full sun

Drought Tolerance (Xeriscape): Yes


Growth Rate: Slow

Average Height (feet): 3

Average Spread (feet): 4

Average Life Span (years): 50

Form: Round


Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Shape: Needle

Bark Color: Gray

Bark Texture: Rough

Landscaping Your Yard With Slowmound Mugo Pine

Slowmound Mugo Pine is perfect for adding structure and evergreen interest to rock gardens, where its compact form can complement the rugged terrain. It’s also an excellent choice for foundation plantings, providing a stable green backdrop throughout the year. Plant it as a standalone feature or in groups for a more impactful display.

Incorporate this dwarf pine into mixed borders or as part of a low hedge. Its dense foliage and neat shape make it suitable for creating defined edges in garden designs. Slowmound Mugo Pine is also ideal for container gardening, adding greenery to patios, decks, or balcony spaces.

Thanks to its slow growth rate, Slowmound Mugo Pine is a great choice for miniature or fairy gardens. It pairs beautifully with other small-scale plants and garden features, offering a touch of woodland charm.


Suitable Garden Styles

Alpine and Rock Gardens

In alpine and rock gardens, Slowmound Mugo Pine thrives with its tolerance for well-drained soil and compact growth habit, making it ideal for these landscapes.

Japanese Garden

For Japanese gardens, this pine enhances the serene and natural aesthetic. Its form and texture align with the tranquility often sought in these garden designs.

Formal Garden

In formal gardens, Slowmound Mugo Pine adds symmetry and structure. Its neat, rounded shape makes it suitable for creating geometric patterns and designs.

Slowmound Mugo Pine Landscaping Ideas

Use Slowmound Mugo Pine in container gardens for patios or balconies. Its compact growth habit makes it suitable for large containers, where it can live for several years with proper care. It’s also an excellent choice for seasonal displays, especially in winter.

Seasonal Interest


In spring, Slowmound Mugo Pine maintains its lush green appearance, providing a fresh look in the garden as other plants begin to bloom.


During summer, the pine continues to offer vibrant green foliage. It stands resiliently through the heat, serving as a steady green presence.


In the fall, while other plants begin to lose their leaves, Slowmound Mugo Pine remains unchanged. Its enduring needles provide a constant in the garden's color palette.


Winter highlights the strength of Slowmound Mugo Pine. Its evergreen needles persist through the cold, offering color and structure in the otherwise barren winter garden.

Planting Tips

Where to Plant

Slowmound Mugo Pine is best planted in an area that receives full sun to partial shade. It’s perfect for small gardens, rockeries, or as a structural element in mixed borders where its compact, evergreen nature can be appreciated.


Full sun to partial shade is ideal for Slowmound Mugo Pine, with full sun encouraging the most compact growth and best needle color. It is adaptable and can still thrive in partial shade.


Well-drained soil is essential for Slowmound Mugo Pine. It can adapt to a range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay, as long as they are not waterlogged.


Space Slowmound Mugo Pine plants about 2-3 feet apart. This spacing allows each plant enough room for growth and maintains the neat, compact form.

When to Plant

The best time to plant Slowmound Mugo Pine is in the spring or early fall. These seasons allow the plant to establish its roots before the extremes of summer heat or winter cold.

How to Plant

Plant at the same depth it was in the container. Loosen the soil around the planting hole to encourage root expansion. Water thoroughly after planting to settle the soil.

Plant Care Tips


Regular watering is important during the first growing season. Once established, Slowmound Mugo Pine is drought-tolerant but may benefit from occasional watering during prolonged dry spells.


Fertilize Slowmound Mugo Pine in early spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer. This provides nutrients for growth without promoting excessive foliage production.


Pruning is generally not necessary for Slowmound Mugo Pine, as it naturally maintains a compact shape. If needed, prune lightly to shape in late winter or early spring.

By Season


Spring Care

In spring, check for any winter damage and prune as necessary. Apply fertilizer to support new growth.

Summer Care

During summer, ensure Slowmound Mugo Pine is watered during extended periods of drought to maintain health and appearance.

Fall Care

In fall, no specific care is needed as the plant prepares for dormancy.

Winter Care

Winter care for Slowmound Mugo Pine is minimal. It is cold-hardy and requires no additional protection.


How Fast Does Slowmound Mugo Pine Grow?

Slowmound Mugo Pine has a slow growth rate, typically only growing a few inches per year.

Is Slowmound Mugo Pine Deer Resistant?

Yes, Slowmound Mugo Pine is generally considered deer resistant. Its needle-like foliage is not a preferred food source for deer.

Can Slowmound Mugo Pine Be Grown in Containers?

Yes, due to its compact size and slow growth, Slowmound Mugo Pine is an excellent choice for container gardening. This is ideal for patios, terraces, or areas with limited space.

Products That Feature This Plant

Charming Divide
Pollinators Paradise

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