Blue Grama Grass

Bouteloua Gracilis

Family: Grama

Type: Ornamental grass

Other Common Name: Mosquito Grass

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Blue Grama Grass, a native perennial, thrives in arid and semiarid regions. Its resilience makes it a favorite in drought-prone areas.

Characterized by its unique, eyebrow-shaped seed heads, it adds a whimsical touch to landscapes. This grass typically reaches 15-30 cm in height.

Requiring minimal maintenance, Blue Grama Grass is ideal for low-water gardens. It’s also known for attracting wildlife, adding ecological value.

Needs & Preferences

Hardiness Zone: 3a-3a

Pet Friendly: Yes

Moisture Preference: Dry to average

Sun Needs: Full sun

Drought Tolerance (Xeriscape): Yes


Growth Rate: Fast

Average Height (feet): 1.5

Average Spread (feet): 2

Average Life Span (years): 5

Form: Over mound


Flower Color: Purple

Secondary Flower Color: Red

Bloom Season: From early to mid summer

Foliage Color: Green

Leaf Fall Color: Yellow

Foliage Shape: Grassy

Landscaping Your Yard With Blue Grama Grass

Blue Grama Grass can be a focal point or a complementary element in gardens. Its fine texture contrasts well with larger plants.

It’s excellent for creating natural-looking meadows or as a low-maintenance lawn alternative. The grass spreads slowly, forming a dense turf over time.

For erosion control, its deep roots stabilize soil, making it an eco-friendly choice for slopes and banks.



Suitable Garden Styles


In xeriscaping, Blue Grama Grass shines due to its drought tolerance. It blends seamlessly with other low-water plants, creating a sustainable, water-efficient landscape. Its adaptability to various soil types makes it a versatile choice for environmentally conscious gardeners.

Native Prairie Style

Perfect for native prairie-style gardens, Blue Grama Grass embodies the essence of the American prairie. Pair it with wildflowers like coneflowers and black-eyed Susans to create a natural, low-maintenance prairie haven in your yard.

Contemporary Minimalist

In contemporary minimalist gardens, Blue Grama Grass offers subtle elegance. Its fine texture and simple form complement modern, geometric garden designs. It serves as an unobtrusive yet graceful ground cover, enhancing the minimalist aesthetic.

Blue Grama Grass Landscaping Ideas

Incorporating Blue Grama Grass in borders provides a soft, natural edge to garden paths. Its fine leaves flutter gracefully in the breeze.

Grouping this grass in clusters creates visual interest and rhythm in the landscape. It pairs well with both perennials and shrubs.

Use Blue Grama Grass in rock gardens. Its adaptability to dry conditions complements the rugged beauty of rock formations.

Seasonal Interest


In spring, Blue Grama Grass begins its growth cycle. Fresh green shoots emerge, signaling the start of the growing season. The grass remains low, slowly gaining height and preparing for its signature summer display.


Summer reveals the full glory of Blue Grama Grass. The distinctive seed heads appear, resembling tiny flags waving atop slender stems. The grass reaches its peak height, swaying elegantly in the summer breeze.


As autumn arrives, Blue Grama Grass transitions to a golden hue. The seed heads turn a tawny color, adding a warm, autumnal feel to the garden. This seasonal change brings a new dimension to the landscape.


In winter, Blue Grama Grass stands resilient. Though dormant, it maintains its structure, providing winter interest. The faded blades and seed heads capture snow and frost, creating a beautiful, serene winter scene.

Planting Tips

Where to Plant

Blue Grama Grass prefers open, sunny locations. It’s ideal for spaces that receive full sun for most of the day. This grass adapts well to both formal gardens and naturalistic settings, making it versatile for various landscaping projects.


Full sun is optimal for Blue Grama Grass, ensuring the healthiest growth and most vibrant seed heads. It can tolerate partial shade, but its growth may be less vigorous and more prone to pest issues.


This grass is not fussy about soil types. It thrives in well-drained, even sandy soils, and can tolerate clay if drainage is adequate. Blue Grama Grass's adaptability makes it suitable for a range of soil conditions.


Space plants about 15-20 inches apart to allow for spreading. This spacing ensures each plant has enough room to grow and establish a strong root system, which is crucial for healthy growth and spread.

When to Plant

The best time to plant Blue Grama Grass is in the spring. This allows the grass to establish itself during the growing season. Planting in early spring ensures that the grass benefits from seasonal rains, aiding in root development.

How to Plant

Plant Blue Grama Grass seedlings or plugs at the same depth they were in their nursery pots. Water thoroughly after planting to settle the soil around the roots. Ensure that the soil doesn’t dry out completely during the initial growth phase.

Plant Care Tips


Once established, Blue Grama Grass is drought-tolerant. Water deeply but infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Overwatering or poor drainage can lead to root rot.


Fertilization is generally not required for this hardy grass. If needed, a light application of a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring can promote growth.


Pruning is minimal. Cut back old foliage in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. This helps maintain a tidy appearance and stimulates new growth.

By Season


Spring Care

In spring, remove any dead foliage and lightly rake the area to remove debris. This helps sunlight reach the new shoots and encourages vigorous growth.

Summer Care

During summer, Blue Grama Grass is typically maintenance-free. Ensure it receives enough water during prolonged dry spells.

Fall Care

In fall, Blue Grama Grass begins to go dormant. Reduce watering and prepare the plant for winter by clearing away any fallen leaves that may smother it.

Winter Care

In winter, Blue Grama Grass requires no additional care. Its dormant state allows it to survive cold temperatures with little to no attention.


How Fast Does Blue Grama Grass Spread?

Blue Grama Grass spreads slowly, creating a dense mat over time. It’s not invasive, making it a great choice for controlled growth areas.

Is Blue Grama Grass Good for Wildlife?

Yes, it provides habitat for wildlife. Birds often use its seeds, and its foliage offers shelter for small creatures.

Can Blue Grama Grass Be Used as a Lawn Alternative?

Absolutely. It’s a low-maintenance, drought-resistant option for lawns, especially in arid regions. Its slow growth rate means less frequent mowing.

Products That Feature This Plant

Pollinators Paradise
Wild and Wonderful

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